The ankle and its ailments
The ankle is the joint between the lower part of the tibia and fibula and the upper part of the talus, the first bone of the foot. Ankle injuries include sprains, fractures and tendonitis, but they do not all require surgery. However, repeated rupture of the Achilles tendon or ankle sprain will require surgery to repair the joint so it can recover its normal mobility.
Ankle surgery to deal with repeated sprain injury
A sprain is the partial or total tearing of a ligament. Ligaments are solid structures which interconnect the bones and provide joint stability. In most cases, an ankle sprain is lateral, i.e. it affects the ligament on the external side of the foot. Repeated ankle sprain hinders the natural healing process of the ligament and the ankle becomes unstable.
The surgery required in this case is ankle ligament reconstruction. It consists in repairing the ligament and restores complete stability to the ankle, thereby avoiding degeneration of the cartilage and the joint.
Ankle surgery to repair the Achilles tendon
The Achilles tendon is the thickest in the body. It begins under the calf muscles which it connects to the heel bone. It contracts when you are walking, running and jumping. With time or overuse, its fibers can weaken, sometimes resulting in sudden rupture.
The ankle can be immobilized with a plaster but recurrence of rupture is highly likely. If the patient regularly plays sport, or is simply quite active, ankle surgery is recommended as it will ensure more rapid recovery and reduce the likelihood of recurrence.