Tibial Valgus Osteotomy
The knee is composed of 3 parts: the femur, the tibia and the patella. In some cases, the axis of the lower extremity and therefore the knee is varus, or curved.
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As a result, more weight tends to pass through the medial compartment of the knee than the lateral part. This can damage the medial compartment and lead to premature wear of the cartilage and the meniscus.
In some cases, and when medical treatment is insufficient, realignment of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity may be indicated to straighten the knee.
This is a tibial valgus osteotomy.
A minimally invasive medial approach is used.
The osteotomy, which consists in cutting the top of the tibia, is performed under x-ray control. A lateral bone hinge is preserved intact so the cut can be opened up and the deformity corrected according to its magnitude.
Synthetic bone is inserted to promote consolidation.
A plate is fixed to hold the correction in place while it heals and to rapidly enable weight bearing.
The aim of the operation is to relieve the pain caused by the damage to the medial compartment of the knee and to slow down the onset of osteoarthritis.
The mechanical axis is restored and the forces redistributed.
Following the operation, crutches are used for 3 to 6 weeks to relieve the joint.