How does the knee work?
The knee joint connects the femur to the tibia, and the patella, or kneecap, is located on the front of the knee. This joint comprises three compartments: medial, lateral, and anterior (at the front).
The menisci, located between the tibia and the femur, act as shock absorbers, and the numerous surrounding muscles and ligaments stabilize this free joint.
How does an insole affect the knee?
The knee is considered as the “servitor” of the hip and the foot. Some of the muscles that insert in the knee are attached to the ankle and the foot, and through these muscle attachments, it is possible to modify foot statics. Poor posture of the lower limbs results in the overuse of some muscles, but insoles can alleviate these muscles by rectifying podal balance.
In addition, it is possible to play on hip rotation to reduce pressure on the knee.
What conditions can insoles alleviate?
Podiatrists regularly treat three major categories:
– Osteoarthritis of the lateral and medial femorotibial compartments is a common condition of genu varum or valgum. Foot orthotics help spread the pressure evenly over these two compartments and therefore limit the deterioration of the cartilage.
– Patellofemoral syndrome is often linked to the poor positioning of the patella, as well as poor foot-to-ground contact.
– Iliotibial band syndrome, caused by the iliotibial band rubbing on the femur, is triggered by running. The podiatrist can improve the static disorder causing the impingement.
Are there any parallel treatments available?
In addition to insoles, doctors regularly prescribe physiotherapy sessions to improve the efficacy of the treatment and strengthen the knee. If the initial pain is too much, the orthopedic surgeon can also prescribe injections.
Orthopedic insoles play a prominent role in the various treatment protocols proposed to the patient, providing constant support for this joint during daily activities and sports activities.